Nashik is a city in Maharashtra, India. Nashik is located in the northwest of Maharashtra, 180 km from Mumbai and 202 km from Pune. Nashik is the administrative headquarters of Nashik District and Nashik Division. Nashik, which has been referred to as the "Wine Capital of India", is located in the Western Ghats, on the western edge of the Deccan peninsula on the banks of the Godavari.
In addition to supplying the name to the famed Nassak Diamond, the city is known for its picturesque surroundings and pleasant climate. The Godavari River flows through Nashik from its source, which lies to the southwest of the city, in Trimbakeshwar . Nashik Urban Agglomeration (Nashik UA) has a (projected year 2008) population of 1,620,000 and a total area of 264.23 kmē which makes it the fourth largest urban area in Maharashtra in terms of population. Nashik is the third most industrialized city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune.
Nashik is one of the world's holiest Hindu cities. Kumbmela is held here once in 12 years along with four other cities in India. Lord Rama along with Lakshmana and Sita spent 14 years of his exile at Tapovan near Nashik. The city came under the rule of Mughal in 16th century and was renamed Gulshanabad. It is also noted for its participation in freedom struggle. Freedom fighters like Veer Savarkar and Anant Kanhere were born in Nashik.
Known for it's beautiful and picturesque surroundings, flourishing valleys,Nashik is home to many vineyards and orchards. Today, Nashik is rate as one of India's fastest growing cities. The city saw a fast uplift of development from 2002 with malls, new urban areas, infrastructure, educational institutions etc. Nashik is known for its pleasant and cool climate, picturesque surroundings, high standard of living, greenery and well-developed infrastructure.
"Nashik" is deemed "the third most industrialized city of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune", mainly due to extensive industrial development in RECENT TIMES. Around 3600 Acres of Land is being acquired for establishment of New Nashik also known as Cidco near NH-3. The project of Highway four-laning has commenced so the travelling time to Mumbai and Pune from Nashik will surely cut down. In Maharashtra, "Nashik" is situated at a distance of approximate 200 km from economic capital of country Mumbai (Bombay) as well as Pune. The city has become the center of attraction because of its beautiful surroundings and cool and pleasant climate. Cities like Pune & Mumbai, "Nashik" has resulted an increasing growth in the area's of industries & trade. The project of Highway four-laning has commenced so the travelling time to Mumbai and Pune from Nashik will surely cut down. Recent development of Mall culture, Multiplexes Theatres, Hotels & Restaurants, Colleges, Hospitals, Universities and Showrooms etc. around area's of "Nashik", a traditional religious city has now being transformed into a industrial center of India, with Information Technology (I.T.)Park, wine park zone, educational hub, and best tourist center of India
Latest factors favouring the growth of Nashik :
- The development of IT Park named as V-Tech having 7.5 lakh sqft.area land.
- The development of Mumbai-Nashik-Dhule four laning of the existing NH-3
- Wine Parks at Nashik.
- Upcoming cargo airport at Ozar, 18 Km from Nashik.
- Selection of Nashik as one of the urban growth centres by the central government.
- Nashik already has a huge Companies and government institutions.Some of are as follows
- Defence Ministries Fighter Plane (MIG) Production Unit HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited) in Ozar
- National Treasury printing press (India Security Press at Nashik Road)
- Thermal Power Plant in Eklahare
- Currency Note Press (CNP)
- Artilary Centre at Deolali
- Maharashtra Engineering Research Institute (MERI)